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  • Fungal Flora of Carden Plain - Interim Report. June 2005

Fungal Flora of Carden Plain - Interim Report. June 2005

Members of the Mycological Society of Toronto are undertaking a mycological inventory of the Carden Plain, focussing on the Cameron and the Windmill Ranches. Both include extensive areas of alvar and alvar pavement, alvar grasslands, open shrub communities (alvar shrub savannah), forest, and marshlands. Fungi in alvar communities have not been studied in detail, and this inventory is intended to provide an initial list of species found in alvar communities.

During 2005, we propose to undertake two three day excursions to the ranches to initiate the inventory. The proposed dates are in June and September 2005. Additional day excursions will also be undertaken.

The first part of the 2005 inventory was performed between June 16 and 19, and was undertaken by a team that included, Richard Aaron, Pat Burchell, Negin Ghanavatian, Brenda Gibson, Dr Nancy Ironside, Dr Vello Soots, Dr John Sparling (leader), Michael Warnock, and Tony and Marianna Wright.

The weather for the five days before the visit were characterized by heavy rainfall and slightly cooler than normal conditions. Prior to this there was an extended period of about a week of hot and dry weather during which time the alvar and alvar grasslands became parched and the vegetation quite browned. Little or no standing water was observed during this period, except for the wetlands and swamp forests. However during our visit, the alvar grasslands and some of the forest and grassland communities had standing water up to 30 cm deep.

Fungi were recorded from alvar and pavement alvar communities (A), alvar grasslands (G), shrub open savannah (S), and forest (F). Two days were spent at the Cameron property and one day at the Windmill Ranch.

The species found are provided in the following table. The arrangement of sections follows Lamoureux (Cercle des Mycologues de Montreal, Liste des Espèces Herborisees, 2004). A total of 47 species were found at the Cameron Ranch (C) and 32 at the Windmill Ranch (W), with a species total for both areas of 66. The species found in each alvar community were recorded, and specimens collected for microscopic examination and confirmation.

We thank Ron Reid for encouragement and assistance in many ways. We also thank Joan Rosebush for kind help and logistical support.

Fungi Identified During the June Foray

Species

A

G

S

F

Details

Myxomycetes (Slime Moulds)

Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa (Alb.&Schw.)List.

CW

Found in various morphological stages.

Enteridium lycoperdon(Bulliard)Farr.

C

Fuligo septica (Linn.)Wigg.

C

Lycogala epidendrum (Linn.)Fr.

CW

Mainly immature, but some mature specimens found.

Stemonitis axifera (Bull.)T.Macb.

C

Tubifera ferruginosa (Batsch.)Gmel.

C

Total 6

Ascomycetes (Cup Fungi)

Chlorociboria aeruginescens (Nyl.) Kan.exRam.,Korf&Batra

W

Staining wood, few fruiting bodies.

Daldinia concentrica (Bolt.exFr.)Ces&DeNot

W

Dasyscyphus cf. virgineus S.F.G.

C

Peziza sp?

C

Scutellina scutellata (L.exFr.)Lamb.

W

Total 5

Coelomycetes (fungi imperfecti)

Myrothecium sp.

C

Several colonies on decorticated twig.

Total 1

Basidiomycetes (Sac Fungi)

Dacrymyces palmatus (Schw.)Bres.

CW

Exidea sp.

C

Total 2

Basidiomycetes (Polypores, Stereum and analogues)

Bjerkandera adusta (Fr.) Kar

C

Cerrena unicolor (Bull.:Fr.)Murr.

C

Fomes fomentarius (Linn.:Fr)Kickx.

CW

Fomitopsis pinicola (Fr.) Kar

C

Ganoderma applanatum (Pers.)Pat

CW

Ganoderma tsugae Murr.

C

Gloeophyllum sepiarium (Fr.)Karst.

CW

Irpex lacteus (Fr.:Fr.)Fr.

W

Laetiporus sulphureus (Fr.)Murr

W

Piptoporus betulinus (Fr.)Kar

W

Polyporus mori Poll.:Fr.

W

Polyporus squamosus Huds.:Fr.

CW

Schizophyllum commune Fr.:Fr

C

CW

Stereum ostrea (Blume&Nees ex.Fr.)Fr.

C

Trametes conchifer (Schw.)Murr

C

On dead elm log. (Poronidulus conchifer)

Trametes elegans (Sprengl.:Fr.)Fr.

C

Trametes hirsuta (Wulf.:Fr.)Pilat

C

Trametes versicolor (Fr.)Pil.

C

Trichaptum biforme (Fr.in Kl.)Ryv.

W

Total 19

Basidiomycetes (Tooth Fungi, Hydnums etc.)

Total 0

Basidiomycetes (Clavarias etc)

Total 0

Basidiomycetes (Chanterelles and related fungi)

Total 0

Basidiomycetes (Pleurotus and related fungi)

Total 0

Basidiomycetes (Hygrophorus and related species).

Hygrocybe cantharellus (Schw.)Murr.

C

Total 1

Basidiomycetes (Tricholomas and related fungi)

Clitocybe sp.

Resupinatus applicatus (Bat.exFr.)S.F.G.

C

Total 1

Basidiomycetes (Marasmius, Mycenas, Collybias etc.)

Gymnopus dryophilus (Bull.:Fr.)Murr

C

Megacollybia platyphylla (Pers.:Fr.)Kot.&Pov.

W

Marasmius oreades (Bolt.exFr.)Fr

W

Marasmius rotula (Scop.exFr.)Fr.

C

Mycena albidula (Peck.)A.N.Sm.

CW

Mycena galericulata (Scop.:Fr.)S.F.Gray

C

C

Mycena leaiana (Berk.)Sacc.

W

Rhodocollybia butyracea (Bull.:exFr.)Lennox

W

Xerula furfuracea (Peck.)Redh.Ginn.&Shoem.

W

Xerula megalospora (Clem.)Redh.Ginn.&Shoem.

W

Total 10

Basidiomycetes (Corts, Hebelomas etc)

Cortinarius sp.

Crepidotus herbarum (Peck.)Saccardo

C

Crepidotus mollis (Schaeff.:Fr.)Staude

CW

Crepidotus applanatus (Pers.)Kumm

W

On rotting maple and elm wood.

Hebeloma sp.

C

Waterlogged specimen.

Inocybe dulcamara (Alb.&Schw.)Kumm.

W

Total 5

Basidiomycetes (Agrocybe and Conocybes)

Agrocybe pediedes Fr.:Fr.)Fayod

C

(=A. semiorbicularis (Bull.)Fayod)

Conocybe lacteus (Lange)Metr.

C

Conocybe tenera (Schaeff.:Fr.)Fayod

W

Total 3

Basidiomycetes (Hypholoma and Pholliotas)

Hypholoma

Pholiota

Total 0

Basidiomycetes (Coprinus and Paneolus)

Coprinus disseminatus (Pers.:Fr.)S.F.Gray

W

Coprinus micaceus (Bull.:Fr.)Fr.

CW

In mature woods

Coprinus quadrifidus Pk.

CW

One on rotting log

Coprinus cf.niveus (Pers.:Fr)Fr.

C

Coprinus xanthrothrix Romagn.

C

Panaeolus sphinctrinus (Fr.)Quel.

C

(=P. campanulatus (L.:Fr.)Quel.ss.auct.)

Panaeolus fimicola (Fr.)Quel.

C

Total 7

Basidiomycetes (Agraricus and Lepiotas)

Leucoagaricus naucinus (Fr.)Sing.

C

Here mainly in grassland with dung.

Total 1

Basidiomycetes (Pluteus and related fungi)

Pluteus cervinus (Schaeff.)Kumm.

CW

Pluteus umbrosus (Pers.:Fr.)Kumm.

C

On rotting wood in soil.

Pluteus thomsonii (Berk.&Br.)Dennis

C

On rotted log.

Total 3

Basidiomycetes (Amanitas)

Total 0

Basidiomycetes (Entolomas)

Total 0

Basidiomycetes (Lactarius and Russulas)

Total 0

Basidiomycetes (Paxillus and related fungi)

Total 0

Basiomycetes (Boletes and related fungi)

Total 0

Basidiomycetes (Gasteromycetes)

Bovista plumbea Pers.:Pers.

C

Several in open areas.

Phallus impudicus L.:Pers.

W

At the egg stage

Total 2
Grand Total 66

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