2013 Spring Forays Summary

  1. 2013 Spring Foray Director's Report
  2. 2013 Spring Forays Collections Summary

In the spring of 2013, the Mycological Society of Toronto (MST) held eleven forays. The earliest was on April 27th in Kleinburg, and the last on May 29th in Midhurst. There was an average of about twenty three attendants. The number of species varied from fourteen to twenty five. In most cases there were a few additional species that were not positively identified. On average 16 identified species were found per foray.

This year there was a rather early foray on April 27th in the Kleinburg area. At least five small black morels were found. Overall, there were twenty five identified species found on this foray. These included interesting bracket fungi, such as: Ganoderma tsugae, Gloeophyllum sepiarium, Grifola frondosa, and Polyporus varius. However, many of these specimens were leftovers from the previous year.

On May 4th there was a foray in the Heartland Forest near Niagara. This was the second most fruitful foray, with a species count of twenty one. However, no morels were found on this foray. The site does not appear to be a suitable morel habitat. There were, however, several interesting animal observations; there were many sightings of brown snakes, a few red-backed salamanders, and a number of warblers.

Overall this foray season was mediocre for morel aficionados; the late spring cold spell may have been sub-optimal for them. At least a few morels were found on all of the forays, save the one on May 4th. Over 175 morels were found on the Midhurst foray on May 8th. Yellow morels (Morchella esculenta) were found on most of the forays, while black morels (Morchella elata) were only found on about half of the forays.

- D. Andrew White, Foray Director

2013 Spring Forays Collections Summary


  Foray 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
  Date Apr. 27
May 1
May 4
May 5
May 8
May 11
May 18
May 22
May 25
May 26
May 29
  Location Kleinburg Dufferin Heartland Niagara Palgrave Midhurst York Forest York Forest Midhurst Palgrave Durham Forest Midhurst
  Foray Leaders M. Warnock
A. Gan
D.A. White
A. Wright
T. Myles
D.A. White
J. Werner
M. Dunaev
E. Gallo
P. Burchell
E. Koczkur J. Thornhill
D.A. White
U. Pascali
V. Testa
D.A. White
P. Barclay
D.A. White
P. Barclay
K. McAusian
P. Burchell
  No. of forayers
(Average 23.4)
46 26 16   20 24 20   21   14
Species Collected No. Collected 25 19 21 0 7 12 21 0 14 0 9
Gilled Fungi
Armillaria mellea 1     x                
Coprinus micaceus         x x     x   x
Galerina autumnalis     x                
Lepiota acutesquamosa     x                
Phyllotopsis nidulans   x                  
Pleurotus ostreatus                 x   x
Schizophyllum commune x   x               x
Xeromphalina campanella           x          
Puffballs & Similar
Crucibulum laeve x                    
Geastrum saccatum             x        
Geastrum triplex x         x x   x    
Lycoperdon pyriforme   x x       x        
Mutinus elegans                 x    
Morels & False Morels
Gyromitra esculenta   x     x       x    
Gyromitra leucoxantha ?             ?        
Morchella elata x       x x          
Morchella esculenta         x x x       x
Bjerkandera adusta 1     x                
Cerrena unicolor 2 x               x    
Cryptoporus volvatus         x x x       x
Daedalea quercina x                    
Daedaleopsis confragosa   x                  
Fomes fomentarius x x       x x        
Fomitopsis pinicola             x   x   x
Ganoderma applanatum   x x                
Ganoderma lucidum     x                
Ganoderma tsugae x                    
Gloeophyllum sepiarium x           x   x    
Inonotus obliquus   x         x        
Inonotus tomentosus   x                  
Piptoporus betulinus 3 x x         x        
Polyporus badius 1     x                
Polyporus brumalis x                    
Polyporus squamosus x         x     x    
Polyporus varius x                    
Trametes elegans x x                  
Trametes suaveolens x                    
Trametes versicolor x x x       x        
Trichaptum abietinum x x     x   x   x    
Trichaptum biforme     x       x        
Parchment & Resupinates
Irpex lacteus x   x                
Cup Fungi
Chlorociboria aeruginascens   x         x        
Scutellinia scutellata     x                
Jelly Fungi
Dacrymyces palmatus   x                 x
Tremella mesenterica           x          
Carbon-Like Balls & Cushions
Apiosporina morbosa   x         x        
Slime Moulds
Lycogala epidendrum           x         x
Metatrichia vesparium x                    
Calvatia excipuliformis             x        
Dacrymyces capitatus x                    
Dictyophora duplicata x                    
Discina perlata   x         x        
Entoloma vernum   x                  
Fomitopsis rosea                 x    
Geastrum sp.                 x    
Gloeophyllum dichrous     x                
Gymnopilus luteus                     x
Gyromitra fastigata           x          
Hydnochaete olivacea     x                
Lycoperdon pusillum         x            
Mycena sp.                 x    
Oxyporus populinus             x        
Perenniporia ohiensis     x                
Perenniporia quercinas     x                
Phellinus sp. ?   ?                  
Plectina nigrella   x                  
Polyporus mori x   x                
Peziza repanda             ?        
Phaeolus schweinitzii x                    
Phellinus igniarius   x         x        
Sarcoscypha austriaca             x        
Sarcoscypha dudleyi x                    
Stereum  hirsutum     x                
Stereum Sp.                 x    
Trametes conchifer     x                
Trametes pudescens           x          
Urnula craterium x                    
Ustulina deusta     x                
Total 127  25 19 21 0 7 12 21 0 14 0 9
Raw data available here: ForayReport_2013_Spring.xls